A Country Merchant, 1495-1520: Trading and Farming at the by Christopher Dyer

By Christopher Dyer

Round 1500 England's society and economic system had reached a turning aspect. After an extended interval of gradual swap or even stagnation, an age of innovation and initiative was once in movement, with enclosure, voyages of discovery, and new applied sciences. It was once an age of fierce controversy, within which the govt. used to be terrified of beggars and cautious of rebellions. The 'commonwealth' writers akin to Thomas extra have been sharply severe of the greed of revenue hungry landlords who dispossessed the bad. This booklet is set a wool service provider and massive scale farmer who epitomises in lots of methods the spirit of the interval.

John history stored an account e-book, from which we will reconstruct a complete society within the region of Moreton-in-Marsh, Gloucestershire. He took half within the removing of a village which stood within the manner of agricultural 'improvement', ran a wide scale sheep farm, and as a 'woolman' spent a lot time vacationing round the nation-state assembly with gentry, farmers, and peasants which will purchase their wool. He offered the fleeces he produced and people he accrued to London retailers who exported via Calais to the fabric cities of Flanders. The wool growers named within the publication could be studied of their local villages, and their lives may be reconstructed within the around, interacting of their groups, adapting their farming to new conditions, and arranging the development in their neighborhood churches.

A kingdom Merchant has a number of the features of a biography, is a component kinfolk background, and half neighborhood heritage, with a few panorama background. Dyer explores topics in financial and social heritage with out neglecting the non secular and cultural historical past. His principal matters are to illustrate the significance of trade within the interval, and to teach the contribution of peasants to a altering economy.

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Welsford, John Greenway, 1460–1529: Merchant of Tiverton and London. A Devon Worthy (Tiverton, 1984). , XI, 99–145. 61 C. Dyer, ‘The Hidden Trade of the Middle Ages: Evidence from the West Midlands’, in idem, Everyday Life in the Middle Ages (London, 1994), 297–300. 58 Introduction: Living in 1495–1520 17 countryside comes from rural clothmaking. Its spread can be traced by the building of fulling mills, and by the records of textile artisans in the military survey of 1522, or over a longer period the references to significant occupational descriptions in court records.

Most wool was being made into cloth in England, much of it for exports that climbed from just below 60,000 cloths in 1496–7 to 70,000 in 1500–1, and almost 100,000 in 1519–20. 64 Internal consumption is not recorded, but the home market cannot have amounted to less than 160,000 cloths, bringing the overall production to near a quarter of a million cloths in the early years of the sixteenth century. 65 Much of this metal was exported, with a modest proportion in the form of pewter. 66 Pewter was in high 62 E.

J O H N H E R I TA G E A N D H I S FA M I LY Heritage is an unusual name, originally given by his neighbours to someone who had gained an inheritance of land. This good fortune was regarded as the defining characteristic of the individual, which then became a family name. The inheritance probably came about in the thirteenth century, when most surnames originated, but was unusual because it derived from the Norman French. 1 John Heritage, the central figure of this book, was born in about 1470 at Burton Dassett in south-east Warwickshire.

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